These are all Vintage Beads. So "they" say. I purchased all of these Vintage Beads through Etsy sellers. Some of the Etsy sellers say that their Vintage Beads are 50 - 100 years old! How am I to know? I really don't care that they are old beads. I just like the way they look and that is why I purchased these beads. Some of these beads are from Germany, Japan or Czechoslovakia. I have no specific ideas on how I will use these Vintage Beads, but I am sure I will come up with something. If you see any beads that you like, let me know and I will make something for you.